Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Lymphoid cells of CBA mice were triggered to act as specific helper cells by incubation with protein antigen (usually keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH)) in Marbrook cultures in vitro. After optimum priming, these helper cells, at optimal numbers, stimulated B cells (from unprimed spleens) to respond to trinitrophenyl-KLH in vitro. The in vitro-induced helper cells were carrier-specific. B cell depletion before helper cell induction increased the efficiency of helper cell induction and thus provided further proof of the T-cell nature of in vitro helper cells. Heterogeneity within T helper cell precursors is suggested on the basis of differences in antigen dose requirements of precursor cells in cortisone-resistant thymocytes, spleen, or lymph nodes.


Journal article


Scand J Immunol

Publication Date





121 - 128


Animals, B-Lymphocytes, Cattle, Cell Count, Cells, Cultured, Chickens, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Hemocyanins, Immune Sera, Lymph Nodes, Mice, Mice, Inbred CBA, Spleen, T-Lymphocytes, gamma-Globulins