Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Models of the differentiation of memory CD8+ T cells that replicate during secondary infections differ over whether such cells had acquired effector function during primary infections. We created a transgenic mouse line that permits mapping of the fate of granzyme B (gzmB)-expressing CD8+ T cells and their progeny by indelibly marking them with enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (EYFP). Virus-specific CD8+ T cells express gzmB within the first 2 days of a primary response to infection with influenza, without impairment of continued primary clonal expansion. On secondary infection, virus-specific CD8+ T cells that became EYFP+ during a primary infection clonally expand as well as all virus-specific CD8+ T cells. Thus, CD8+ T cells that have acquired an effector phenotype during primary infection may function as memory cells with replicative function.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





505 - 509


Animals, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cell Differentiation, Cell Division, Granzymes, Immunologic Memory, Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype, Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype, Luminescent Proteins, Lung, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Orthomyxoviridae Infections, Phenotype, Spleen, T-Lymphocyte Subsets