Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Recent human studies support historical animal studies that suggested an association between peripheral blood monocyte:lymphocyte (ML) ratio and tuberculosis (TB) disease. To evaluate generalizability of this finding, we modeled the association between peripartum ML ratio and incident TB disease within 18 months postpartum among 1202 HIV-infected women in South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. The ML ratio was associated with increased risk of TB disease independently to combination antiretroviral therapy, World Health Organization stage, or CD4 count (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.22, 95% confidence interval: 1.07 to 1.4, P = 0.003 per 0.1 unit increase in ML ratio).

Original publication




Journal article


J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr

Publication Date





573 - 575


Adult, Africa, Animals, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Leukocyte Count, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Postpartum Period, Pregnancy, Risk Assessment, Tuberculosis, Young Adult