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CONTEXT: To date, a clear understanding of dengue disease pathogenesis remains elusive. Some infected individuals display no symptoms while others develop severe life-threatening forms of the disease. It is widely believed that host genetic factors influence dengue severity. AIMS: This study evaluates the relationship between certain polymorphisms and dengue severity in Sri Lankan patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Polymorphism studies are carried out on genes for; transporter associated with antigen presentation (TAP), promoter of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and promoter of interleukin-10 (IL-10). In other populations, TAP1 (333), TAP2 (379), TNF-α (-308), and IL-10 (-1082, -819, -592) have been associated with dengue and a number of different diseases. Data have not been collected previously for these polymorphisms for dengue patients in Sri Lanka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The polymorphisms were typed by amplification refractory mutation system polymerase chain reaction in 107 dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) patients together with 62 healthy controls. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Pearson's Chi-square contingency table analysis with Yates' correction. RESULTS: Neither the TAP nor the IL-10 polymorphisms considered individually can define dengue disease outcome with regard to severity. However, the genotype combination, IL-10 (-592/-819/-1082) CCA/ATA was significantly associated with development of severe dengue in these patients, suggesting a risk factor to developing DHF. Also, identified is the genotype combination IL-10 (-592/-819/-1082) ATA/ATG which suggested a possibility for protection from DHF. The TNF-α (-308) GG genotype was also significantly associated with severe dengue, suggesting a significant risk factor. CONCLUSIONS: The results reported here are specific to the Sri Lankan population. Comparisons with previous reports imply that data may vary from population to population.

Original publication




Journal article


J Glob Infect Dis

Publication Date





157 - 164


Dengue, dengue hemorrhagic fever, interleukin-10, transporter associated with antigen presentation, tumor necrosis factor-α