DOK4 and DOK5: new Dok-related genes expressed in human T cells.
Favre C., Gérard A., Clauzier E., Pontarotti P., Olive D., Nunès JA.
Dok proteins are adapter proteins involved in signal transduction. Several intracellular proteins expressed in lymphocytes meet the criteria of membrane-associated adapter proteins such as members of the Dok family. To understand the role and the formation of multiprotein networks involving Dok proteins in T lymphocytes, we search for potential additional members of this family. Here, we describe the two new human dok-related genes DOK4 and DOK5 and present data showing the expression of DOK4 and DOK5 genes in T cells. These genes are the orthologues of mouse Dok4 and Dok5 genes. Based on analysis of phylogenetic trees and exon/intron structure of Dok family members, DOK4 and DOK5 define a subfamily within dok genes distinct from DOK1, DOK2 and DOK3. So, Dok-4 and Dok-5 molecules constitute a new group of adapter proteins in T cells, requiring further functional analysis.