Haplotype tag single nucleotide polymorphism analysis of the human orthologues of the rat type 1 diabetes genes Ian4 (Lyp/Iddm1) and Cblb.
Payne F., Smyth DJ., Pask R., Barratt BJ., Cooper JD., Twells RCJ., Walker NM., Lam AC., Smink LJ., Nutland S., Rance HE., Todd JA.
The diabetes-prone BioBreeding (BB) and Komeda diabetes-prone (KDP) rats are both spontaneous animal models of human autoimmune, T-cell-associated type 1 diabetes. Both resemble the human disease, and consequently, susceptibility genes for diabetes found in these two strains can be considered as potential candidate genes in humans. Recently, a frameshift deletion in Ian4, a member of the immune-associated nucleotide (Ian)-related gene family, has been shown to map to BB rat Iddm1. In the KDP rat, a nonsense mutation in the T-cell regulatory gene, Cblb, has been described as a major susceptibility locus. Following a strategy of examining the human orthologues of susceptibility genes identified in animal models for association with type 1 diabetes, we identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from each gene by resequencing PCR product from at least 32 type 1 diabetic patients. Haplotype tag SNPs (htSNPs) were selected and genotyped in 754 affected sib-pair families from the U.K. and U.S. Evaluation of disease association by a multilocus transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT) gave a P value of 0.484 for IAN4L1 and 0.692 for CBLB, suggesting that neither gene influences susceptibility to common alleles of human type 1 diabetes in these populations.