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METHODS: The records of 106 children aged less than 5 years with invasive disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae were reviewed. RESULTS: The clinical manifestations were meningitis (37%), upper respiratory tract infection (24%), pneumonia (19%), and occult bacteraemia (18%). One child died and seven had persisting neurological impairment. Five serotypes caused 83% of disease and 92% of the serotypes are included in the seven valent conjugate vaccines which are undergoing trials. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that S pneumoniae infection is associated with a low case fatality rate but substantial morbidity in the UK.

Original publication




Journal article


Arch Dis Child

Publication Date





231 - 233


Child, Preschool, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Pneumococcal Infections, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Streptococcus pneumoniae, United Kingdom