Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The A2a adenosine receptor agonist 2(-)[2-(4-amino-3- iodophenyl)ethylamino]adenosine is a potent coronary vasodilator. The corresponding radioiodinated ligand, [125I]APE, discriminates between high- and low-affinity conformations of A2a adenosine receptors. In this study, [125I]APE was used for rapid (24-h) autoradiography in rat brain sections. The pattern of [125I]APE binding is consistent with that expected of an A2a-selective radioligand. It is highest in striatum, nucleus accumbens, and olfactory tubercle, with little binding to cortex and septal nuclei. Specific [125I]APE binding to these brain regions is abolished by 1 microM 2-p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenethylamino-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS-21680) but is little affected by 100 nM 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine. Conversion of [125I]APE to the corresponding arylazide results in [125I]AzPE. The rank-order potency of compounds to compete for [125I]AzPE binding in the dark is CGS-21680 > D-(R)-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine > N6- cyclopentyladenosine, indicating that it also is an A2a-selective ligand. Specific photoaffinity labeling by [125I]AzPE of a single polypeptide (42 kDa) corresponding to A2a adenosine receptors is reduced 55 +/- 4% by 100 microM guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) and 91 +/- 1.3% by 100 nM CGS-21680. [125I]APE and [125I]AzPE are valuable new tools for characterizing A2a adenosine receptors and their coupling to GTP-binding proteins by autoradiography and photoaffinity labeling.


Journal article


J Neurochem

Publication Date





2072 - 2079


Adenosine, Affinity Labels, Animals, Autoradiography, Brain, In Vitro Techniques, Iodine Radioisotopes, Male, Rats, Receptors, Purinergic P1