Human papillomavirus type 16 in vulvar carcinoma, vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, and associated cervical neoplasia.
Hørding U., Daugaard S., Iversen AK., Knudsen J., Bock JE., Norrild B.
Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) is becoming more widespread and the patients are becoming still younger. Although progression to invasive vulvar carcinoma is uncommon, local recurrences are frequent and about one-quarter of the patients have multicentric genital disease. The aim of the present study was to search for a possible significant association of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection with vulvar carcinoma, recurrences, and multicentric disease. We used the polymerase chain reaction to examine vulvar and cervical biopsies from 43 patients with vulvar neoplasia for HPV type 16, which is the subtype most often detected in genital malignant or premalignant lesions. HPV 16 DNA sequences were found in 14 of 24 (58%) vulvar squamous carcinomas and in 15 of 19 (79%) VIN lesions. Nine patients (21%) had associated cervical neoplasia and six of these harbored HPV 16 in both lesions. Patients with recurrent intraepithelial neoplasia had a significantly higher incidence of HPV 16-positive lesions. No association was found with regard to the occurrence of multicentric disease or risk of malignant progression.