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Mouse mastocytoma P815 expresses tumor antigens P815A and P815B encoded by a single gene called P1A and carried by a single peptide named P1A 35-43 (NH2-Leu-Pro-Tyr-Leu-Gly-Trp-Leu-Val-Phe-COOH). P1A 35-43 is presented to anti-P815A and anti-P815B cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) H-2Ld molecules. In order to determine the individual role played by each amino acid residue of P1A 35-43 in binding to H-2Ld and in recognition by anti-A and anti-B T cell receptors (TcR), a series of P1A35-43 peptides substituted by alanine at single positions was synthesized and tested for binding to H-2Ld and for CTL recognition. Binding to H-2Ld was estimated by measuring the ability of the peptide to up-regulate cell surface expression of H-2Ld. We found that three residues were important for interaction of P1A 35-43 with H-2Ld. Two of them, Pro at position 2 and Phe at position 9 were consistent with the described H-2Ld binding motif. A third residue, Trp at position 6, was also required for effective MHC binding of the tumor antigen. CTL sensitization assays showed that alanine substitution at position 7 (Leu) or at position 8 (Val) dramatically affected peptide recognition by anti-A CTL while positions 3 (Tyr) and 4 (Leu) were critical for recognition by anti-B CTL. We conclude that Pro2, Trp6 and Phe9 constitute the anchor residues of P1A 35-43 to H-2Ld, whereas the dipeptidyl sequences Tyr3-Leu4 and Leu7-Val8 form the core epitopes recognized by the TcR of anti-P815B and anti-P815A CTL, respectively.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/eji.1830241125

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Immunol

Publication Date

11/1994

Volume

24

Pages

2740 - 2745

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Antigens, Neoplasm, Epitopes, H-2 Antigens, Histocompatibility Antigen H-2D, Mast-Cell Sarcoma, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptide Fragments, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic, Tumor Cells, Cultured