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Several tumor antigens recognized by T cells have now been identified at the molecular level. Various mechanisms can account for their expression: activation of normally silent genes; point mutations; chromosome translocations; and post-translational modifications of proteins. This led to the notion that potential tumor-rejection antigens can be shared by a significant proportion of human tumors. This may have important implications in cancer immunotherapy, especially since tumors expressing a defined antigen can be identified on the basis of the expression of the relevant gene.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Curr Opin Immunol

Publication Date

10/1992

Volume

4

Pages

608 - 612

Keywords

Animals, Antigens, Neoplasm, Humans, Immunotherapy, Neoplasms, T-Lymphocytes