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Interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) is a key signal-dependent transcription factor in myeloid cells. Its expression is induced by granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and interferon-gamma. IRF5 protein is further activated in response to stimulation, translocating to the nucleus where it mediates inflammatory responses. IRF5 is capable of both the up-regulation of pro-inflammatory genes and repressing anti-inflammatory mediators, thus polarising macrophages to a pro-inflammatory phenotype. We discuss IRF5 interactions with a wide range of transcriptional regulators that give rise to its diverse effects at the level of chromatin.

Original publication




Journal article


The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology

Publication Date





38 - 42


The Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7FY, United Kingdom.