Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

In a previous study (Hajnicka, V. et al., Parasitology 116, 533-538, 1998), the infectivity titer of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) was shown to increase up to 10,000-fold when mouse L cells were treated with tick salivary gland extract (SGE) prior to infection. To examine this effect at the level of viral protein production, radiolabeled VSV-infected cells were analyzed by double-dimensional gel electrophoresis. A pre-treatment of cells with SGE from partially fed ticks in amounts corresponding to 1 or 3 salivary glands increased the level of both viral nucleocapsid (N) protein and phosphoprotein (P) in a dose-dependent manner. The effect was more pronounced for N protein and could account for the dramatic increase in infectious virus yield. Promotion of viral infectivity by arthropod saliva may support the arthropode-borne transmission cycle of VSV.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Acta Virol

Publication Date

08/1999

Volume

43

Pages

251 - 254

Keywords

Animals, Arachnid Vectors, Cell Line, Dermacentor, Mice, Nucleocapsid, Nucleocapsid Proteins, Phosphoproteins, Saliva, Salivary Glands, Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus, Viral Structural Proteins, Virus Replication