Ixodes ricinus strains in Europe.
Estrada-Peña A., Daniel M., Frandsen F., Gern L., Gettinby G., Gray JS., Jaenson TG., Jongejan F., Kahl O., Korenberg E., Mehl R., Nuttall PA.
An analysis of cuticular hydrocarbons (CH) of unfed adult Ixodes ricinus ticks collected throughout Europe showed that there are 10 distinct I. ricinus groups. Studies on the seasonal and annual consistency of CH composition and possible effects of host and environmental factors suggested that CHs may be used as a genuine genetic marker for I. ricinus. Preliminary studies compared the vector competence of ticks from three of the most separated I. ricinus groups and the results suggested that there may be significant differences in tick susceptibility to Borrelia afzelii.