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Thogoto (THO) virus is a tick-transmitted virus which shares morphological and biochemical characteristics with members of the Orthomyxoviridae. The genome of Thogoto virus comprises six segments of single-stranded, negative sense RNA. The complete nucleotide sequence of the fourth largest RNA segment of THO virus has been determined from cDNA analyses. This RNA segment is 1574 nt long and has a coding capacity for a glycoprotein of 512 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 57,550 Da. The sequence of this protein has extensive homology with the putative envelope protein of Dhori (DHO) virus, the only other recorded tick-borne orthomyxo-like virus, but not with the envelope glycoproteins of the influenza viruses. A search of the translation of the available nucleotide database has produced evidence for a relationship between the glycoproteins of THO and DHO viruses and the gp64 glycoprotein of two DNA-containing insect baculoviruses, Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus and Orgyia pseudotsugata nuclear polyhedrosis virus. The baculovirus gp64 protein is a membrane protein implicated in endocytotic fusion events during infection. A multiple alignment between these four glycoproteins gave significance scores of greater than 28 standard deviations, indicating that the homologies between them are highly significant. The distribution of cysteine residues is conserved between all four proteins which also have similar hydropathy profiles, suggestive of a type I membrane protein topology.


Journal article



Publication Date





640 - 646


Amino Acid Sequence, Arboviruses, Baculoviridae, Base Sequence, DNA, Viral, Glycoproteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Orthomyxoviridae, RNA, Viral, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, Viral Envelope Proteins, Viral Fusion Proteins, Viral Matrix Proteins, Viral Proteins