Association of a polymorphism in the P2X7 gene with tuberculosis in a Gambian population.
Li CM., Campbell SJ., Kumararatne DS., Bellamy R., Ruwende C., McAdam KPWJ., Hill AVS., Lammas DA.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) ligation of P2X(7) receptors expressed on human macrophages that are infected with mycobacteria induces cell death and subsequent loss of intracellular bacterial viability. Marked heterogeneity observed in cell donor ATP responsiveness suggests that this antimycobacterial mechanism may be genetically regulated. Five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously identified in a putative 1.8-kb promoter region upstream of P2RX7 exon 1 were screened for associations with clinical tuberculosis. The frequencies of these promoter SNPs and a polymorphism in P2RX7 exon 13 at position 1513 were compared among >300 Gambian patients with tuberculosis and >160 ethnically matched control subjects by sequence-specific oligonucleotide hybridization and ligation detection reaction analysis. A significant protective association against tuberculosis was found for 1 promoter SNP, at nucleotide position -762 (odds ratio [OR] for variant C allele, 0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54-0.89; P=.003; OR for CC genotype, 0.545; 95% CI, 0.318-0.934; P=.027). This association supports a role for ATP/P2X(7)-mediated host regulation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.